ESCAP’s mission on energy is to ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy for all in Asia and the Pacific; and to enhance energy security and connectivity by promoting regional cooperation, using the means of intergovernmental process, research, and capacity building.
Energy is the cornerstone of sustainable development. With a dedicated goal on energy, Sustainable Development Goal 7 (SDG7), the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development provides a framework to guide the energy sector. SDG7 is a critical priority in Asia and the Pacific.
The Asia-Pacific region produces one third of the world’s GDP and consumes more than half of global energy supply. With both population and living standards rising, the region is facing the highest increase in energy demand globally. At the same time, energy poverty remains a critical issue; over 420 million people remain without electricity, and 49.6% remain without access to clean cooking. Meeting rising energy demand and achieving universal access while ensuring development that is environmentally friendly, socially sound and economically feasible presents a challenge.
Facing these obstacles, ESCAP leads programmes aimed at helping member States to advance energy access, renewable energy, and energy efficiency in line with SDG7 targets. ESCAP fosters the transition to a sustainable energy system through regional cooperation and supports member States in identifying energy challenges and generating sound policy responses by providing a platform for dialogue and knowledge exchange. Most importantly, ESCAP established the Asia and Pacific Energy Forum, the first and still only ministerial level, intergovernmental meeting on energy in the UN system.