Republic of Korea
The Republic of Korea is currently a major ESCAP donor country. One of the most successful and long standing partnership arrangements of ESCAP is the Korea-ESCAP Cooperation Fund (KECF), established in 1987. KECF is an important instrument to enable ESCAP to build national capacities in Asia and the Pacific, based on the regional mandate and convening power of ESCAP. KECF funding has been predominantly channeled to capacity development projects environment (green growth), ICT, transport, gender, social protection, access to health care, disabilities, poverty alleviation, and disaster risk reduction. Apart from KECF supported by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, ESCAP collaborates with others 13 Korean agencies, including KOICA, the Ministry of Unification; the Korea Communications Commission; the Ministry of Health & Welfare; the Korea Maritime Institute; the Korea Energy Economics Institute; the Korea Energy Management Corporation; the Korea Electric Power Corporation; the Ministry of Environment; the Ministry of Land; Transport & Maritime Affairs, the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology; and the Korea Expressway Corporation.
In addition, the Republic of Korea is currently hosting the ESCAP Subregional Office for East and North-East Asia (SRO-ENEA) and the Asian and Pacific Training Centre for Information and Communication Technology for Development (APCICT), both located in Incheon.
Japan’s support to ESCAP technical cooperation programme has been mainly channeled through Japan-ESCAP Cooperation Fund (JECF), established in 1978. Under JECF, over 150 smaller-scale projects were implemented in the past ten years covering different areas including agriculture, trade and investment, private sector development, environment, social development (disability, gender, youth), transport, and information and communication technologies. In addition, Japan host and provides annual contribution of about US$ 1.7 million to ESCAP’s Statistical Institute for Asia and the Pacific (SIAP), based in Chiba. Other Japan’s agencies contributing to ESCAP capacity development projects and regional institutes include the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (CAPSA, Typhoon Committee), the Ministry of Public Management Home Affairs (ICT policies), the Japan Ministry of Agriculture Forestry and Fisheries (CAPSA), and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency.
The Russian Federation is the top three bilateral donor to ESCAP. Initiated in 2009, the cooperation between the Russian Federation and ESCAP is based of the letter of agreement for the period of two years. The key collaboration areas include energy, transport, environment, migration, information technologies and statistics. Within the overall regional context, the primary focus is on the countries in North and Central Asia.
Since the cooperation between the People’s Republic of China and ESCAP begun in the 70’s, China has given priority to South-South cooperation and has undertaken more then 200 cooperation projects. The key priority areas include poverty alleviation, gender equality, health, space technologies and trade facilitation. Technical cooperation between ESCAP and China is conducted under the China-ESCAP Cooperation Programme (CECP). In addition, China hosts the Beijing-based United Nations Asian and Pacific Centre for Agricultural Engineering and Machinery (UNAPCAEM) and contributes to the work of other ESCAP regional institutions, as well as the Trust Fund for the Decade of Disabled Persons and the North-East Asian Subregional Programme for Environmental Cooperation (NEASPEC).
India and ESCAP enjoy a longstanding relationship through India’s voluntary contributions to ESCAP regional institutions and India’s support capacity development projects promoting transfer of technology. India hosts ESCAP Asia and Pacific Centre for Transfer of Technology and the Subregional Office for South and South-West Asia (SRO-SSWA).
The cooperation between Sweden and ESCAP primarily focuses on disaster risk reduction, corporate social responsibility and statistics. Sweden has been one of the key countries providing financial of the ESCAP Trust Fund for Tsunami, Disaster and Climate Preparedness in Indian Ocean, established in 2005. Sweden is a member of the Advisory Council of this multi-donor Trust Fund, making an important contribution to its governance. ESCAP works closely with Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Sweden and the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA).
The cooperation between Thailand and ESCAP primarily focuses on disaster risk reduction. Thailand was a founding member country of the ESCAP Trust Fund for Tsunami, Disaster and Climate Preparedness in Indian Ocean, established in 2005. Thailand is a member of the Advisory Council of this multi-donor Trust Fund, making an important contribution to its governance. In addition, Thailand provides annual contribution to the work of regional institutes of ESCAP.
The cooperation between the Netherlands and ESCAP primarily focuses on corporate social responsibility. The Netherlands supported projects in other areas including a multi-sectoral project with transport, trade facilitation and information technology components in Asian landlocked and transit developing countries.